venerdì 26 giugno 2015

Rachid Taha رشيد طه

Rachid Taha   is an Algerian singer and activist  based in France  who has been described as "sonically adventurous."  His music is influenced by many different styles such as rock, electronic, punk and raï.

Taha was born in 1958  in Sig (Mascara Province), Algeria,  although a second source suggests he was born in the Algerian seacoast city of Oran. This town was the "birthplace of raï" music, and 1958 was a key year in the Algerian struggle for independence against French authority.  He began listening to Algerian music in the 1960s,  including street-style music called chaabi.  And music from the Maghreb region was part of his upbringing.

He moved with his parents to France when he was ten years old, settling in an immigrant community around the French city of Lyon  in 1968 .His father was a textile factory worker,  with long hours and low pay, such that his life was compared to that of a "modern slave", according to one account.When 17, Taha worked during the day at a central heating plant, described as a "menial job",  and hated this work, but at night worked as a club DJ playing Arabic music, rap, salsa, funk and "anything else that took his fancy."  The contrast between menial work during the day and fun during the night may have helped to develop his musical sensibility.  In the late 1970s, Taha founded the nightclub called The Rejects or, in French, Les Refoulés, where he would spin mashups of Arabic pop classics over Led Zeppelin, Bo Diddley and Kraftwerk backbeats.

In the 1980s, Algeria's indigenous pop music known as raï began to achieve international attention.  Originally raï music was based on "city slickers adapting music from the sticks" and was described as ribald, but it became more of a medium for political protest when young people in the 1960s and 1970s used it to "express their anger and desires."  Taha has suggested that Algerian musical styles and rock are "closely linked".  Taha was influenced by the North African raï band Nass El Ghiwane which was described as "Morocco's answer to the Beatles or the Stones."

In 1981, while living in Lyon, Taha met Mohammed and Mokhtar Amini and the three of them, along with Djamel Dif and Eric Vaquer would soon form a band. In 1982, Taha was the lead vocalist for the Arab-language rock group which they named Carte de Sejour, meaning Green Card or Residence Permit depending on the translation.  He sang in both English and Arabic, but usually in Arabic. Taha was inspired by the group The Clash:
“ The Clash were militant and hedonistic in equal measure ... And that was exciting to me. You could be a rebel and be in the biggest rock'n' roll band in the world! It was also clear that they loved music. Joe Strummer had nothing to do with that terrible punk cynicism. By the time of Mogador '81 they weren't just a rock'n'roll band, they were doing hip-hop, reggae, ska, country and western, disco, but making it sound their own. I think that's what gave French musicians the confidence to do the same with whatever music they were into. In some ways, they introduced us to the world. -- Rachid Taha, in The Guardian, 2007 ”

Taha met members of the group The Clash in Paris:
“ It was September 1981, and Taha bumped into all four members of the band just before they were due to play at the Théâtre Mogador in Paris. Taha gave them a copy of a demo tape by his band, Carte de Séjour (Residence Permit), an outfit from Lyons who combined Algerian raï with funk and punk rock. "They looked interested," remembers Taha, "but when they didn't get in touch, I thought nothing of it. Then, a few months later, I heard Rock the Casbah." He cackles mischievously. "Maybe they did hear it after all." The incident has since gone down in French rock legend. -- report in The Guardian, 2007 ”

Taha believes his early recordings helped to inspire The Clash to create the song Rock the Casbah.  A New York Times music reporter wrote:
" Is Rock El Casbah, with its images of sheiks gusting through the desert in Cadillacs and cracking down on 'degenerate' disco dancers, an indictment of the oil-choked, religiously fanatical Arab world, or a wry comment on the West's cartoonish vision of the region? No listener to the recording can doubt that it is both, or that in Mr. Taha, a rumpled North African with a buzz saw voice, the Clash has an unlikely heir. -- Jody Rosen, 2005  "

These were difficult years since record stores often refused to stock their records "because they didn't want Arabs coming in to their shops." There was little money; the band performed in suburbs of Lyons.  Taha took a standard patriotic French song entitled Sweet France (in French: Douce France) which had originally been recorded by Charles Trenet in the 1940s, kept the lyrics, but sang it with "furious irony" which irritated many French listeners, particularly coming from a "scruffy, bohemian-looking Arabic singer," to the point where Taha's version was banned from French radio.  The "acerbic" song created a "splash", nevertheless, and won Taha some recognition as a serious artist.  The group never achieved much commercial success and, as a result, Taha had to work a series of day jobs in a factory, then as a house painter, a dishwasher, and later as an encyclopedia salesperson.  They recorded their first maxi album Carte De Séjour in 1983. In 1984, with the help of British guitarist Steve Hillage, the group achieved a "sharp, driving sound" which played well on the radio, and the LP was entitled Rhoromanie.  In his songwriting, Taha wrote about living in exile and the cultural strife associated with being an Algerian immigrant in France.  In 1986, his "sneering punk-rock cover of Douce France" was seen as an "unmistakable protest against the nation's treatment of its immigrant underclass," and caused consternation in French political circles. His song Voilà, Voilà, protested racism. Taha has had to cope with anti-Arab sentiment and confusion; for example, the New York Times stated in a front-page story that Taha was Egyptian rather than Algerian, but later posted a correction.  Later, in 2007, Taha-as-an-immigrant was mentioned in France's National Center of the History of Immigration.

When performing live, Taha wore various outfits, including at one point a leather fedora hat, then later a red cowboy hat.Their second and last LP entitled Ramsa (Five) was released in 1986. The band dissolved in 1989.

In 1989, Taha moved to Paris to launch his solo career. At one point he was invited to Los Angeles to record with musician Don Was, who had been a producer associated with the Rolling Stones. Taha mixed a variety of instruments and styles for his sound. With a drum instrument called a doumbek or darbuka, his new group played Arabic-style beats. It appeared at one point that Taha might become an "overnight success", but after the release of the album Barbès, sales were disappointing in the United States, possibly because Americans were not keen on Arabic-sounding music during the time of the first Gulf War.

In 1993, Taha again worked with Hillage who helped produce his second solo album, the self titled Rachid Taha and helped him achieve "the kind of clubland-raï synthesis." Hillage worked on three solo Taha albums from 1993 to 2001, helping Taha return to his "north African roots".  In 1995, he released the album entitled Olé Olé with Taha looking like an "Aryan androgyne" with dyed blond hair and blue contact lenses, to make a point about anti-Arab bigotry and at the "homophobia of North African culture." Valencia features the singing of Kirsty Hawkshaw. In 1997, his song Ya Rayah became a hit. He performed in the Canary Islands.

In 2001, Taha released Made in Medina, and a music critic commented that he used a "full and varied instrumental palette" along with "a dizzying vocal facility that transcends whatever style he's plugged."  The album was recorded in Paris, New Orleans, and London with input from the American jam band Galactic.  Taha saw parallels between African and American music and said "New Orleans is like Algiers ... They were both French colonies at one time, and there's even an area there called Algiers," and he noted that Louisiana Zydeco drum patterns were similar to raï music.  Made in Medina combined Algerian roots, techno, pop music, and early rock and punk influences with "remarkable consistency" with previous works, according to Hillage.There were elements of political protest in his music leading a BBC critic to describe him as a "shit-disturbing artist who risks challenging his own culture as undemocratic."  He wanted to record in New Orleans "because I see parallels between African and American music, and between the music of the African slaves who came to New Orleans, and that of the Gnawas, the black desert tribes who became slaves of the Arabs in north Africa. And New Orleans is like Algiers. They were both French colonies at one time, and there's even an area there called Algiers." He was delighted to find that some of the local Louisiana Zydeco drum patterns are remarkably similar to raï.  A report in The Guardian suggested that Taha had achieved a cult status in pop music.

Taha's breakthrough album as a solo artist was his bestsellerDiwân, featuring remakes of songs from Algerian and Arab traditions. The album featured  traditional instruments like the oud but with a "contemporary veneer of programmed percussion and samples added in." Taha mixed the oud with strings using a contemporary beat along with guitar work, according to one account. Taha's album Tékitoi, produced by Steve Hillage and released in 2004, brought acclaim and recognition from other rock musicians. The title track is "street slang" meaning, roughly,Who the Hell Are You? (from the French Tu es qui, toi ? shortened into T'es qui, toi ?) and the music had "echoes of Joe Strummer", according to a review in The Observer.  In 2005 Taha performed with Robert Plant, Patti Smith and Brian Eno. He covered The Clash song Rock the Casbah which he retitled with the Arabic name of Rock El Casbah. This song appeared in the 2007 film about Clash frontman Joe Strummer entitled The Future Is Unwritten.  The song suggested rock music as "banned but unstoppable."  Taha has performed the song along with The Clash musician Mick Jones.  The Guardian selected Rock El Casbah as one of the top 50 cover songs.

Taha played in Morocco in 2006  In 2007, Taha performed in Canada and a reporter from the Montreal Gazettedescribed his performance while wearing a "pewter pimp suit" which was "stunning"
“ Rachid Taha did not disappoint. ... Taha leaned into his cheerfully louche street persona. Taha dropped his hat on the mic stand. The percussion undulated in, the trumpet and keys re-creating a North African swirl. Ste. Catherine St. was a sea of clapping hands. Some fans tried to get an Algerian flag waving and abandoned it to dance. Taha brought the crowd down and then back up for coute-moi camarade, an irresistible bounce about female treachery from the Diwan 2 album. But given there is always a subtext to Taha’s music, the girls in the casbah danced to the blocked trumpet. Then Taha fell on his ass. -- Montreal Gazette, 2007 ”

In 2008 he performed with the band Dengue Fever. He was described as a ""wild Algerian punk fan" performing among a lineup which read like a "Who's Who of west African music", and was part of "Africa Express", a response to the lack of African musicians at Bob Geldof 's Live 8 musical extravaganza.

In 2008, Taha was growing increasingly prominent, with greater audiences in places such as Canada, although there were reports that his music had "trouble getting airplay" in France. He performed with Nigerian artists Fela Kuti,Femi Kuti and Seun Kuti. as well as Brian Eno in an anti-war concert in London.

In 2009, Taha released Bonjour which The Guardian music critic Robin Denselow described as "calmed down" under a new producer, Gaetan Roussel. Denselow wrote: "The result is an unlikely set in which Taha appears to be deliberately courting a new, wider market by playing down that wild rebel image."  Denselow felt the music was more "commercial" and "not his most exciting."  st Joe Strummer. In 2010, Taha played in Toronto to large audiences. Taha performed with Algerian artist Mehdi Haddab who plays the oud. Taha's song "Habina" was featured in the 2010 film, "It's Kind of a Funny Story." Guitarist Carlos Santana recorded his song Migra which went on to sell over 25 million copies. In recent years, Taha toured nations including the United States  and Dubai.

In 2013 Taha released the Zoom album, which was produced by guitarist Justin Adams and featured guests Mick Jones and Brian Eno; and Jones toured with Rachid Taha as part of the Zoom project.  The album included a new recording of "Voilà, Voilà". Taha also recorded "Now or Never" (words & music by Aaron Schroeder / Wally Gold and previously recorded by Elvis Presley), which features Jeanne Added singing in English

Taha has been described as "gregarious" and "quick with a smile" who likes to party throughout the night. He has a cosmopolitan group of friends including a French girlfriend who recently attended Brown University in the United States. Taha was quoted as saying "I've never wanted to just stay in my own neighborhood, my own community ... It's a kind of conformism. You have to be adventurous." He does not like contemporary French cinema and said "I'd much rather watch some dumb Hollywood movie than another haute bourgeois auteurist piece of crap. " He has been a critic of the Bush administrationalthough he has made comments favoring a bombing raid on Iran, and said that "Iran shouldn't be allowed to have nukes." 

 (Source : Wikipedia)

Rachid Taha رشيد طه ‎– Barbès

01 Confiance  

02 Barbès
03  Gazelle  
04 Lela (Album Version)
05 Je Le Sais (Je Le Sens)  
06  Arab Rap  
07  Lyeh 
08 Bled 
09 Enti Wa Ana  
10 Partir 


Rachid Taha رشيد طه ‎– Rachid Taha

01  Yamess 
02  Malika  
03 Voilà Voilà  
04 Hitiste  
05 D'abord D'abord
06 Indie  

07  Hasard 
08  Dinaha  
09  Ya Rayah  
10 Woulla  
11 Menek  
12 Laisse Moi  
13 Yamess (Instrumental)


Rachid Taha رشيد طه ‎– Olé, Olé

01 Valencia
02 Nokta 
03 Baadini 
04 Comme Un Chien 
05 Boire 
06 Zaâma 
07 Tabla Motown 
08 Jungle Fiction 
09 Kelma 
10 Olé, Olé
11 Non Non Non (Multinational Version)


Rachid Taha رشيد طه - Diwan

01 Ya Rayah
02  Ida
03  Habina
04 Bent Sahra
05 Ach Adani
06 El H'mame
07 Enti Rahti
08 Menfi
09 Bani Al Insane
10 Malheureux Toujours
11 Aiya Aiya


Taha / Khaled / Faudel - 1,2,3 Soleils

Disque 1 

01 Khalliouni Khalliouni (Instrumental - Hossam Ramzy et The Egyptian Orchestra, Composé par Abderrahmane Amrani)
02 Menfi (Taha, Khaled, Faudel )
03 Eray (Faudel, Khaled)
04 N'Ssi N'Ssi (Khaled)
05 Ida (Taha)
06 Baida (Faudel)
07 Omri (Faudel, Taha)
08 Voilà Voilà (Taha, Faudel, Khaled)
09 Indie (Taha, Khaled)
10 Chebba (Khaled, Taha, Faudel)
11 Sahra (Khaled)

Disque 2
01 Madeeh (Khaled)
02 Wahrane Wahrane (Khaled)
03 Les Ailes (Khaled)
04 Le Camel (Khaled, Faudel)
05 Abdel Kader (Khaled, Taha, Faudel)
06 Bent Sahra (Taha, Khaled)
07 Aicha (Khaled, Faudel)
08 Tellement N'Brick (Faudel)
09 Didi Khaled, Taha, Faudel)
10 Ya Rayah (Taha, Khaled, Faudel)
11 Daiman (Taha, Khaled, Faudel)
12 Comme D'Habitude (Taha, Khaled, Faudel)


Rachid Taha رشيد طه - Made In Medina



01  Barra Barra 
02  Foqt Foqt 
03 Medina 
04 Ala Jalkoum 
05  Ai Ai Ai 
06. Hey Anta
07. Qalantiqa 

08 En Retard 
09 Verite 
10 Ho Cherie Cherie 
11 Garab


Rachid Taha رشيد طه - Tekitoi

01 Tékitoi
02 Rock El Casbah 
03 Lli Fat Mat! 
04 H'Asbu-Hum 
05 Safi 
06 Meftuh
07 Winta 
08 Nah'Seb 
09 Dima
10 Mamachi 
11 Shuf 
12 Stenna
13 Ya Rayah
14 Voila Voila


Rachid Taha رشيد طه ‎– Diwan 2

01 Ecoute Moi Camarade 

02 Rani
03 Agatha
04 Kifache Rah
05 Josephine
06 Gana El Hawa
07 Ah Mon Amour
08 Mataouel Dellil
09 Maydoum 

10 Ghanni Li Shwaya


Rachid Taha رشيد طه - Bonjour

01 Je t'aime Mon Amour
02 Mokhtar 
03 Ha Baby 
04 Bonjour (with Gaetan Roussel)
05 Min Jai 
06 Mabrouk AAlik 
07 Ila Liqa 
08 This is An Arabian Song
09 Sélu 
10 Agi 


Rachid Taha رشيد طه ‎– Zoom

01 Wesh (N'Amal) 
02 Zoom Sur Oum 
03 Jamila  
04 Now Or Never 
05 Fakir 
06 Ana  
07 Les Artistes 
08 Khalouni 
09 Algerian Tango 
10 Galbi 
11 Voilà Voilà (Album Version)


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